Intro and Claims for WRIT340 paper 1

Intro and Claims for WRIT340 paper 1 - Prompt: Which writer...

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Prompt: Which writer offers his solution to poverty more effectively? Over one billion people are living in extreme poverty today. This startling figure from the United Nations illustrates the seemingly insurmountable problem of how to help so many people in need. However, two writers have chosen to boldly address and debate the issue. Peter Singer’s “The Singer Solution to World Poverty” radically suggests that each individual donate all expendable income to poverty relief organizations. Andrew Kuper responds to Singer in his own article “More than charity: Cosmopolitan alternatives to the ‘Singer Solution.’” He takes a multidisciplinary approach in contrast to Singer’s simple plan. Rather than focusing on the individual citizen, Kuper puts responsibility on governments and institutions. Kuper’s complex economic, social, and political suggestions tend to distance the reader from the immediate solution. His sometimes-philosophical tone is confusing and lacks concise direction. Conversely, Singer uses clear, easy to understand language to keep his reader focused as he aggressively pushes his urgent solution. While Kuper’s complex argument is likely to alienate the reader, Singer’s simple solution and simple rhetoric can easily reach each individual in his audience. Because Singer uses straightforward language and keeps the reader engaged, his brief solution is easy for anyone to read. Singer presents his article as though he were having a direct conversation with the reader. Throughout the paper, he keeps the reader mentally responding to a line of questions. From the beginning of his article, he asks his audience to ponder the problem with him, “How much would we have to give to … have a high probability of saving a child’s life…?” The reader might begin to consider his or
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her individual role in saving a child, even before Singer has shared what he believes. As the questions continue, the reader is forced to continually respond to Singer, even if these mental responses are in opposition. Singer also keeps the reader involved in his paper by directly addressing the reader as “you.” He simply tells his readers “Now you, too, have the information you need to save a child’s life” after listing the contact information of relief organizations. This type of conversational language pushes the reader into a corner because it is difficult for any reader to deny this. In this uniquely structured conversation, the “you” keeps on reading and responding mentally, but cannot reply to Singer. Although this may leave some readers frustrated in disagreement, Singer has evoked an emotion in them as well as provoked them to think about the problem. The reader’s ability to agree or disagree with Singer demonstrates that the reader has read and understood Singer’s answer (as well as been able to analyze and choose a position for his or herself). Singer’s ability to force the reader to respond to his questions and to his direct
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course ENL 3 taught by Professor Degnan during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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Intro and Claims for WRIT340 paper 1 - Prompt: Which writer...

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