Notes 1 - Chapter 1 Sociology - Scientific study of social...

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Chapter 1 Sociology - Scientific study of social behavior in human groups - 2 people (Dyad) - 3 people (Triad) Focus on: - How relationships influence people’s attitudes and behavior - How Societies develop and change - Changes that occur in industrialization The Sociological Imagination C. Wright Mills describes sociological imagination as: - An awaren ess of the relationship b etwe en an individual a nd the wider society and… - The ability to view our society as an outsider would, without one’s limited exp erience a nd cultural bias Looks b eyond a limited und erstanding of hu m a n beh avior - View the world and it’s p eople in a new way - See through a broader lens Sociology and Science Science: body of knowledge obtained by methods based on systematic observation - Natural Science: study of physical features of nature a nd the ways they interact and chang e - Social Science: study of social features of hu m a ns and the way they interact a nd cha Study the influence that society has on p eople’s attitudes and beh aviors Seek to und erstand ways in which p eople interact and sh ap e society Examine social relationships with others scientifically Sociology and Common Sense Sociologist do not accept something as a fact because “everyone knows it” Each piece of information must be tested, recorded, and analyzed Money is the root of all evil Love knows no reason
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Disasters create panic What is the Sociological Theory? Theory - Set of state m ents that s e eks to explain proble ms, actions, a nd b eh avior - Effective theories have explanatory a nd predictive power - Theories are never a final state m e nt a bout hu m a n beh avior The Development of Sociology Philosophers/ religious authorities of ancient and medieval societies made observations of human behavior Early Thinkers Auguste Comte (1798 - 1857) - Believed syste m atic investigation of beh avior was n e e d ed to improve society - Coined term “Sociology” Harriet Martineau (1802 - 1876) - Studied social beh avior in Britain a nd US - Emphasized impact econo my, law, trad e, he alth, a nd population could have on social proble ms Herbert Spencer (1820 - 1903) - Studied “Evolutionary” chang e in society Emile Durkheim (1858 - 1917) - Developed Funda m ental Thesis to help explain all forms to society Behavior m ust b e und erstood within a larger social context Anomie: loss of direction felt in a society when social control of individual b eh avior b eco m es ineffective Max Weber (1864 - 1920) - To fully compreh end b eh avior, we m ust learn the subjective m e a ning people attach to their auctions Employ Versteh en (understanding insight) Ideal type: construct for ev aluating specific cases
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Interested in macro-sociology Karl Marx (1818 - 1883) - Society fundamentally divided between two classes that clashed in pursuit of interest
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Notes 1 - Chapter 1 Sociology - Scientific study of social...

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