Notes for Test 2 - Chapter 3 Socialization the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture Social

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Chapter 3 Socialization: the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture Social Environment: The Impact of Isolation Interaction heredity and environment shape human development - The Cases of Isabelle a nd Genie (feral children) Emphasizes importance of e arliest socialization experiences for children Studies of Identical Twins - Similar intelligence test scores when twins are reared ap art in roughly similar social s ettings - Quite different scores observed when twins are reared a p art in dra m atically different social s ettings Self: distinct identity that sets us apart from others - The self is not a static pheno m enon - Continues to develop and chang e throughout our lives Cooley: Looking-Glass Self We learn who we are by interacting with others Our view of ourselves comes from contemplation of personal qualities and our impressions of how others perceive us The self in the product of our social interactions with other people Goffman: Presentation of the Self
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Impression management: individual learns to slant the presentation of self to create distinctive appearances and satisfy particular audiences - Also known a s dra m aturgical a pproach Face-work: Need to maintain a proper image of self to continue social interaction The Life Course Rites of Passage: Means of dramatizing and validating changes in a person’s status - Cere monies m ark stag es of d evelop m e nt in life course We e ncounter so m e of the m ost difficult socialization challenges in later years - Assessing one’s acco mplishm ents - Coping with declining physical a bilities - Retirem ent - Facing the inevitability of d e ath Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization Anticipatory socialization: processes of socialization in which a person “rehearses” future occupations and social relationships Resocialization: process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as transition in one’s life Total institution: institution-prison, military, mental hospital, or convent- that regulates
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course SOC 1113 taught by Professor Latimore during the Spring '08 term at The University of Oklahoma.

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Notes for Test 2 - Chapter 3 Socialization the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture Social

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