Notes for Test 3 - Chapter 7 Social Control Techniques and...

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Chapter 7 Social Control Techniques and strategies are employed for preventing deviant human behavior in any society Conformity and Obedience Conformity: going along with peers who have no special right to direct behavior Obedience: compliance with higher authorities in an hierarchical structure Sanctions: Penalties and rewards for conduct concerning a social norm Informal and Formal Social Conduct Informal social control: used casually to enforce norms Formal social control: carried out by authorized agents Interplay between formal and informal social control can be complicated, especially if people are encouraged to violate social norms Law and Society Some norms are so important to a society that they are formalized into laws - Laws: governmental social control - Social Control Theory: our connection to members of society leads us to systematically conform to society’s norms What is Deviance? Deviance: behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society Involves violation of group norms, which may or may not be formalized into a law Subject to social definition within a particular society and at a particular time Deviance and Social societal Stigma - Stigma: labels society uses to devalue members of certain social groups Deviance and Technology
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- Technological innovations can redefine social interactions and standards of behavior related to them - In general, sociologists reject any emphasis on the genetic roots of crime and deviance Interactionist Perspective Cultural Transmission Theory - Cultural transmission: humans learn how to behave in social situations, whether properly or improperly - Differential association: the process through which exposure to attitudes favorable to criminal acts leads to the violation of rules (Sutherland) Routine Activities Theory - Criminal victimization increases when motivated offenders and suitable targets converge Labeling Theory - Some individuals or groups have the power to define and apply labels Conflict Theory People with power to protect their own interests and define deviance to suit their own needs - Differential justice: differences in the way social control is exercised over different groups Motivated Offender Suitable Target Capable Guardian Crime Crime: violation of criminal law, for which some governmental authority applies formal penalties Index Crimes - Murder - Rape
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- Robbery - Assault - Burglary - Theft - Motor vehicle theft
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course SOC 1113 taught by Professor Latimore during the Spring '08 term at The University of Oklahoma.

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Notes for Test 3 - Chapter 7 Social Control Techniques and...

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