Exam 1 Study guide
- Spring 2008
(Ch 1, 18, 8, 9, Timeline, Prologue,
Page numbers are for
Intro, scientific method/thinking critically, statistics (Prologue, Ch 1
Define psychology (notes & p. 2, 7 & 8). Where are its roots (which disciplines)?
Know neuroscience, behaviorist, cognitive, psychodynamic, social, evolutionary/genetic
& developmental perspectives (see Table 1, p. 11). Which subspecialty has medical
degree & can prescribe meds (p. 13)? What is the difference between basic and applied
research (p. 12-13)? Understand the nature/nurture issue (p. 9 & Learning Outcomes, p.
14 may help.). Define hindsight bias (p.20-21). What is the value of a psychological
theory (p. 24-26)? Know case study, survey & naturalistic observation (p.26-30).
Understand correlation (positive & negative, what can correlation tell, what can it NOT
tell you, ie. what do correlation finding allow us to do (p.30-33).
....what do experimental
findings allow us to do (p. 36-39) ?) What is an illusory correlation and why do we tend
to believe them (p. 33-34)? Know blind, double blind, placebo, control group, treatment
or experimental group, dependent variable, independent variable (p. 36-38). Measures of
central tendency: mean, median, mode (p. 40-41). Measures of variation: range, standard
deviation (p. 41-42). On p.42-3, what are 3 things that increase the reliability of an
List the top 3 occupations that employ people with a bachelor’s degree in psychology (p.
What is the difference between an education psychologist (p. A-6)
and a school psychologist (p. A-8)?
History of psych (Prologue, Timeline, Lecture)
The timeline w/people is on the inside front and back covers. What are the 4 basic
goals of psychology (lecture & p. 44)? Know Aristole, Plato, which futrue psychologists