Chapters 1 & 2 - Engineering Geology Chapters 1 & 2...

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Engineering Geology Chapters 1 & 2 Engineering Geology Chapters 1 & 2
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Geology Defined Geology Defined • Geology is the study of the earth. Derived from the Greek : – “Geo” meaning earth and “logos” meaning discourse. – Geology deals with history of the earth, the formation of rocks and minerals, and changes the earth has undergone • Geology and Engineering – Environmental Geology: Application of geology to human activities and issues created by man’s occupancy on the earth – Engineering Geology: The application of geologic principles to engineering solutions. Assures that the geologic factors affecting the location, design, construction, and O&M of engineering works are recognized and adequately provided for. – Geological Engineering: Geologic hazards, rock mechanics, and foundation analysis – Geology for Engineers – What engineers need to know about geology to be more proficient in the engineering profession
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• Can include: • Prevention (proactive) –landfill siting, slope stability prediction, etc. • Assessment (investigative) – what damage has occurred and the gathering of information to propose a solution • Abatement (reactive) – How do w fix this, i.e., most cost and what is the most cost-effective solution
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– Birmingham is the only place in the world where you find the three (3) components needed to make steel in immediate proximity. – Towns throughout Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma existed exclusively to the presence of oil. – Mineral deposits such as in the Arizona copper belt and the Alaska and California gold rushes were the backbone of cities and a way of life. – Coal mining towns throughout the U.S. – In fact much of the settlement of early civilizations was based on geology.
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Geology and Agriculture Geology and Agriculture • All soils originate from the decomposition of rocks: – Central U.S. breadbasket (organic & mineral rich soils)
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course CE 200 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '07 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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Chapters 1 & 2 - Engineering Geology Chapters 1 & 2...

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