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Scheduled air travel grew exponentially following World War II. There were a multitude of factors including mass production, higher performance engines, better aerodynamics, and increased passenger carrying capacities of aircraft. Each factor played an integral role in scheduled air travel coming of age after World War II. Out of necessity of World War II, aircraft production not only required great amounts of aircraft to be produced, but they had to be of greater quality than the enemies. Aircraft were built bigger and faster than ever before. The size was necessary to carry more troops and material, and the engines had to be more powerful in order to carry the larger cargo. Not only was performance and size a necessity, but so was reliability. Maintenance also became better during the war. Another aide in the higher performance was increased aerodynamics (Bavsness, n.d., pp. 29-32). Engine cowlings and retractable landing gear became more standard during wartime production.