Notes 2-11

Notes 2-11 - The Self, Part II Many correlations between...

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The Self, Part II - Many correlations between self-esteem (SE) and well-being. - Some suggest we have a strong need for SE. o Keeps us happy and productive o Helps us deal with anxiety and uncertainty o “Sociometer” theory - Self-Discrepancy Theory o Higgins (1989) o SE results from the match between how I see myself and how I want to see myself o These discrepancies influence SE o 3 belief sets about the self: actual self ought self ideal self o actual/ought discrepancy leads to low SE and feelings of guilt or shame o actual/idea l discrepancy leads to low SE and feelings of frustration - Self-Awareness o We notice discrepancies more when situation leads to self-awareness o Examples: When self-conscious in front of crowd When see self in mirror or on video - Group Differences in SE o Expected gender difference is small and often negligible o Expected racial differences often nonexistent or even reversed o Cultural differences exist, with Westerners exhibiting higher SE
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Notes 2-11 - The Self, Part II Many correlations between...

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