Exam 2 Terms and Names

Exam 2 Terms and Names - World of Ancient Greeks Terms and...

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World of Ancient Greeks Terms and Names Exam 2 Rise of Athens: Theseus : Theseus (Greek Θησεύς) was a legendary king of Athens, son of Aethra, and fathered by Aegeus and Poseidon, with whom Aethra lay in one night. Theseus was the Ionian founding hero, considered by Athenians as their own great reformer. He was responsible for the synoikismos ("dwelling together")—the political unification of Attica under Athens, represented in his journey of labours. Because he was the unifying king, Theseus built and occupied a palace on the fortress of the Acropolis that may have been similar to the palace excavated in Mycenae. Eupatrids - Members of the aristocracy. These were the only ones that leadership positions were open to. This usually fallowed a hereditary line. Synoikismos: roughly means "dwelling together" in Greek. In the history of ancient Greece, this term refers to the political process by which a group of villages and settlements united to form a polis. In the poleis, the synoikistes was the person who, according to local tradition, performed the synoikismos, either through his personal influence or by conquest, and subsequently was worshipped as a demi-god. The most notable synoikistes was the mythic or legendary Theseus, who united Attica under the leadership of Athens. Cylon (c. 630 BC)- The oracle at Delphi had advised him to seize Athens during a festival of Zeus, which Cylon understood to mean the Olympics. However, the coup was opposed, and Cylon and his supporters took refuge in Athena's temple on the Acropolis. Cylon and his brother escaped, but his followers were cornered by Athens's nine archons. According to Plutarch and Thucydides (1.126), they were persuaded by the archons to leave the temple and stand trial after being assured that their lives would be spared. Draco (c.621BC): was the first legislator of ancient Athens, Greece, 7th century BC. Came up with the Draconic Constitution: The laws he laid down were the first written constitution of Athens. So that no one would be unaware of them, they were posted on wooden tablets, where they were preserved for almost two centuries, on steles of the shape of three-sided pyramids . The tablets were called axones, perhaps because they could be pivoted along the pyramid's axis, to read any side. Seisachtheia - was a set of laws instituted by the Athenian lawmaker Solon in order to rectify the wide- spread serfdom and slavery that had run rampant in Athens by the 6th Century BC. Under the pre-existing legal status, debtors unable to repay their creditors would surrender their land to them, then becoming hektemoroi, i.e. serfs who cultivated what used to be their own land and gave one sixth of produce to their creditors. Should the debt exceed the perceived value of debtor's total assets, then the debtor and his family would become the creditor's slaves as well. The same would result if a man defaulted on a debt whose collateral was the debtor's personal freedom. The
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Exam 2 Terms and Names - World of Ancient Greeks Terms and...

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