Gender Differences in Muscular Strength

Gender Differences in Muscular Strength - • The only...

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Gender Differences in Muscular Strength by Sylwester Czado Muscular Strength- the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort Men are generally stronger than women because they have larger bodies overall and a big proportion of their total body mass is muscle. However, men are only 1-2% stronger than women in the upper body and almost equal to a woman’s lower body. Muscle fibers are larger in men, but the metabolism of cells in the muscle fibers are the same in both sexes. Two Factors in Gender Differences Testosterone levels and the speed of nervous control of muscle are the two factors. Testosterone helps the development of sex traits in males and the growth of muscle tissue in both sexes. Testosterone levels are 5-10 times higher in men than women and this is why men have larger muscles. The male nervous system can activate muscles faster, so men have more power. Women do not develop big muscles because of hormonal differences.
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Unformatted text preview: • The only exception is if they train intensely for many years or take anabolic steroids. • Women do gain muscle and improve body composition through strength training. • It is beneficial for women because it helps prevent bone and muscle loss while aging. • Losing muscle over time is a bigger health concern for women than gaining muscle weight. • Gains in muscle weight are balanced with loss of fat weight. • Both sexes lose muscle mass and power as they age. • Men start out with more muscle when they are young and they lose power slowly. • Older women have greater affliction of muscle function than older men. The Bottom Line • Both sexes can increase strength through strength training. • Women may not lift as much weight as men, but both sexes have the same capacity to gain strength. • Everyone can benefit from strength training....
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course KIN 275 taught by Professor Lamont during the Fall '06 term at Rhode Island.

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Gender Differences in Muscular Strength - • The only...

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