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Unformatted text preview: Acid/ Base properties Arrhenius Theory o Acids contain hydrogen and produce H + o Bases contain hydroxyl and produce OH- o Neutralization is a combination of H + and OH- to produce H 2 O Hydronium Ion o Hydrated hydrogen ion is the species that gives aqueous solutions of acids their characteristic acidic properties Bronsted-Lowery Theory o Acid is a proton donor (H+) o Base is a proton acceptor (OH-) o The stronger the acid the weaker the conjugate base and vice versa Autoionization of water (self-ionization) o Amphiportic = molecule can both donate and accept Amphoterism o ability of a substance to react either as a base or an acid o Example: insoluble metal hydroxides) Strength of acid o Binary acids Ease of ionization depends on Ease of breaking H-X Stability of resulting ion in the solution Bond strength...
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