Unit 1.2 Research Methods - Sociology and Scientific...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages.

Sociology and Scientific Evidence Involves debunking : unmasking of fallacies (false or mistaken ideas/opinions) in everyday life Normative approach: relies on religion, customs, habits, traditions, and law to answer questions Based on strong beliefs about what is right and wrong and what ‘ought to be’ in society Empirical approach: attempts to answer questions through conclusions drawn from systematic collection and analysis of data Referred to as the ‘scientific method’ Assumption knowledge is best gained by direct, systematic observation Two standards must be met: Scientific beliefs should be supported by good evidence or information Beliefs should be open to public debate and critiques from other scholars with alternative interpretations being considered Theory and Research Cycle Continuous cycle Theory: a set of logically interrelated statements that attempts to describe, explain, and predict social events A theory attempts to explain why something is the way it is Research : the process of systematically collecting information for the purpose of testing an existing theory or generating a new one Consists of deductive and inductive approaches Deductive approach: researcher begins with a theory and uses research to test the theory Theories generate hypotheses

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture