Unit 1.4 Socialization - Why is Socialization Important...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

Why is Socialization Important Around the Globe? SocializationThe lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self-identity and the physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in societyHelps us become aware of ourselves as members of the larger groups and organizations we are a partofHelps us learn to communicate with other people and to have knowledge of how other people expect us to behave in a variety of social settingsEnables us to develop our human potential and to learn the ways of thinking, talking, and acting that are necessary for social livingThe kind of human being that we become depends greatly on the particular society and social groups that surround us at birth and during early childhoodWhat we believe about ourselves, our society, and the world does not spring full-blown from inside ourselves… we learn these things from our interactions with othersSociologists focus on how humans design their own culture and transmit it from generation to generation through socializationSocial environment probably has a greater effect than heredity on the way we develop and the way we actHeredity does provide the basic material from which other people help to mold an individual’s human characteristicsIsolation and Nonhuman PrimatesExample: Harlow with monkeys -- terry cloth mother vs wire motherWhen monkeys were introduced to their species, they cringed in the corner from being deprived of social contact… they were fearful or hostile toward the other monkeysIsolated ChildrenExample: Genie and AnnaChild MaltreatmentNeglect is the most frequent form of child maltreatmentOccurs when children’s basic needs -- emotional warmth & security, adequate shelter, food, healthcare, education, clothing, and protection -- are not metSocial Isolation and LonelinessReality is that many people are lonely and have few people to confide in20% of all individuals are (at any given time) unhappy because of social isolationSocial Psychological Theories of Human DevelopmentFREUD-- Psychoanalytic Perspective (1856-1939)Behavior and personality originate from unconscious forces within individualsBelief: people have two basic tendencies = the urge to survive and the urge to procreateHuman development occurs in 3 levels of the personalityIdIncludes all of the individual's basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratificationExists throughout life in the form of psychic energyThe urges and desires that account for behaviorEgoThe rational, reality-oriented component of personality that imposes restrictions on theinnate pleasure-seeking drives of the idChannels desire of the id for immediate gratification into the most advantageous direction for the individualSuperegoConsciousConsists of the moral and ethical aspects of personalityPIAGET-- Cognitive Development (1896-1980)Interested in how people obtain, process, and use information = how we think

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture