2.5 Social Structure & Interaction - Social Interaction the process where people act toward or respond to other people and is the foundation for all

2.5 Social Structure & Interaction - Social Interaction the...

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Social Interaction: the process where people act toward or respond to other people and is the foundationfor all relationships and groups in societySocial Structure: complex framework of societal institutions and social practices that make up a society and that organize and establish limits on people’s behaviorSocial Structure: The Macro Level PerspectiveProvides the framework within which we interact with othersEssential because it creates order and predictability in a societyImportant for human developmentGives us the ability to interpret the social situations we encounterHelps people make sense out of their environmentCreates boundaries that define where a person or group will be the “insiders” and which will be “outsiders”Social marginality:state of being part insiders and part outsider in the social structureStigma:any physical or social attribute or sign that so devalues a person’s social identity that it disqualifies that person from full social acceptanceEx: prisoners in prison uniformsComponents of Social StructureStatusA socially defined position in a group or society characterized by certain expectations, rights, and dutiesStatus Set:comprises all the statuses that a person occupies at a given timeAscribed status:a social position conferred at birth or received involuntarily later in life, based on attributes over which the individual has little or no controlRace/ethnicity, age, genderAchieved status:a social position that a person assumes voluntarily as a result of personal choice, merit, or direct effortOccupation, income, educationMaster status:the most important status that a person occupiesDominates all the individuals other statuses and is the overriding ingredient in determining a person’s general social positionStatus symbols:material signs that inform others of a person’s specific statusRoleA set of behavioral expectations associated with a given statusWe occupy a status, we play a roleRole expectation: a group’s or society’s definition of the way that a specific role ought to be playedRole performance:how a person actually plays the roleRole ambiguity:occurs when the expectations associated with a role are unclearRole conflict:occurs when incompatible role demands are placed on a person by two or more statuses held at the same timeMay feel pulled in many different directionsMay occur as a result of changing statuses and roles in societyRole strain:occurs when incompatible demands are built into a single status that a person occupiesRole distancing:occurs when people consciously foster the impression of a lack of commitment or attachment to a particular role and merely go through the motions of role performanceRole exit:occurs when people disengage from social roles that have been central to their self-identityOccurs in 4 stages1.Doubt
2.Search for alternatives3.

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