2/24/16, 3:12 PM 'Blood And Earth' Shows How Two Modern Evils Are Linked: Slavery And Environmental Degradation : Goats and Soda : NPR Page 1 of 18 DAILY LIFE DAVE DAVIES, HOST: This is FRESH AIR. I'm Dave Davies, in for Terry Gross who's off this week. Of all the ills in the world today, one you probably haven't thought much about is human slavery. But our guest Kevin Bales says estimates are that more than thirty million people in the world are enslaved - not typically bought and sold in markets as in the pre- Civil War American South, but working in mines, quarries or shrimp farms for no money and without hope of escape. Bales is the co-founder and former president of the organization Free the Slaves. And his new book is based on seven years of research and travel to places where slavery flourishes. He interviewed people in bondage in several areas, mostly in the developing world. Bales also finds that slave labor is closely associated with environmental degradation as criminal slave masters exploit natural resources in places where the rule of law has collapsed. Kevin Bales is a professor of Contemporary Slavery at the Wilberforce Institute for the study of Slavery and Emancipation in England. His book is called "Blood And Earth: Modern Slavery, Ecocide, And The Secret To Saving The World." Well, Kevin Bales, welcome to FRESH AIR. You went to the eastern Congo where people are enslaved in mining operations. daily life food & culture girls/boys health money new stuff < Today's Slaves Often Work For Enterprises That Destroy The Environment Updated January 27, 2016 · 11:29 AM ET Published January 20, 2016 · 3:22 PM ET TEDTalk: How to combat modern slavery Places where the government is laxed, resources easily farmed by slaves human - trafficking human exploitation Mina Mamoe Po ʻ ah ā , 1 Kepakemapa 2016 7:55:51 AM GMT-10:00 08:6d:41:ba:2b:36
2/24/16, 3:12 PM 'Blood And Earth' Shows How Two Modern Evils Are Linked: Slavery And Environmental Degradation : Goats and Soda : NPR Page 2 of 18 And I want you to describe this mine, the BCA mine. First of all, what's the mineral that they are extracting there? KEVIN BALES: At BCA there's two minerals, but the key one is cassiterite and which is fundamentally tin ore. And the second is coltan, which is a compound mineral made of columbite and tantalum, both of which are used in electronics. DAVIES: And just describe what you see when you go there. What does the mine look like? BALES: Well, you know, I actually title that chapter "The City Of Rags" because you wouldn't know that there are almost 20,000 people living in that space around what is a denuded and completely destroyed mountaintop in the Congolese forests because it's all been completely stripped bare. And it's completely also covered with enormous holes, as if bombs have been dropped where they've been digging, as well as tunnels that they've tunneled into this small mountain that's full of ore. There are, as you often
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- Environmental Degradation, Kevin Bales, Mina Mamoe, Evils Are Linked, Modern Evils