Tourette Syndrome - TOURETTE SYNDROME 1 Etiology Signs and...

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TOURETTE SYNDROME 1 Etiology, Signs and Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome; Its Treatment Abstract
TOURETTE SYNDROME 2 Tourette syndrome is a nervous system disorder that starts in childhood. It involves unusual repetitive movements or unwanted sounds that can't be controlled (tics). For instance, child may repeatedly blink his eyes, shrug his shoulders or jerk the head. In some cases, he might unintentionally blurt out offensive words. Signs and symptoms of Tourette syndrome typically show up between ages 2 and 12, with the average being around 7 years of age. Males are about three to four times more likely than females to develop Tourette syndrome. Although there's no cure, child can live a normal life span with Tourette syndrome, and many people with Tourette syndrome don't need treatment when symptoms aren't troublesome. Symptoms of Tourette syndrome often lessen or become quiet and controlled after the teen years. Tourette syndrome (also called Tourette's syndrome , Tourette's disorder , Gilles de la Tourette syndrome , GTS , Tourette's or TS ) is a neurological disorder which becomes evident in
TOURETTE SYNDROME 3 early childhood or adolescence, characterized by multiple physical (motor) tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic. History The history of Tourette syndrome dates back to the early 1800s. Jean Marc Gaspard Itard, a French doctor, reported the first case of the syndrome in 1825. He described the symptoms of the 80-year-old woman, the Marquise de Dampierre, an important woman of the Parisian aristocracy , who had suffered since the age of 7 from repetitive movements and vocalizations. In fact, there is an evidence to suggest that this condition was previously described by other clinicians. Jakob Sprenger and Heinrich Kraemer in their book, published in 1498 and entitled “Maleus maleficarum”, described a priest who had motor and vocal tics that were thought to be the result of possession by the devil. An 1873 publication of the famous French physician Armand Trousseau’s monograph also described several patients with motor and vocal tics. Moreover, Hughlings-Jackson, an English neurologist, reported in Clinical Lectures and Reports to the London Hospital a single case of the disorder in 1884. In 1885, de la Tourette, a French physician, published "Study of a Nervous Affliction", his account of nine patients at a French hospital who were afflicted with involuntary movements. And so, the "tic illness" came to be known as the Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. Despite earlier reports of tics, it was Gilles de la Tourette who clearly reported the many features of the condition and thus he set the stage for the recognition of TS as a distinct neurological disorder. Signs and Symptoms
TOURETTE SYNDROME 4 Signs and symptoms of Tourette syndrome typically show up between ages 2 and 12, with the average being around 7 years of age. Males are about three to four times more likely than females to develop Tourette syndrome.

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