machiavelli paper

machiavelli paper - The Great Debate: Classicist or...

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The Great Debate: Classicist or Modernist Machiavelli was a great intellectual from the dynamic city of Florence, Italy, where politics were greatly decentralized, and full of rivalry and crime. He lived between 1469 and 1527, a time period when the pope was still powerful and Italy was hopelessly divided. Machiavelli served as the first powerful challenge to the pope. He used his studies of the classics, such as Aristotle, Cicero, the Sophists, and many more in conjunction with his experiences as a diplomat, military and foreign policy advisor to shape his views on politics. Throughout history many philosophers have debated whether Machiavelli should be considered the last of the classical thinkers, or the first of the modern thinkers. As outlined in the essay, there is evidence to support both arguments. While both are possible, there is more evidence to indicate that Machiavelli was the start of the modern era of thinking. Based upon the works of Machiavelli, it is possible to conclude that he could have been the last classical thinker. The premise of this argument is the similarities that can be drawn between both Aristotle, a classical thinker, and Machiavelli. Aristotle was a man who rejected metaphysics, and proposed the idea that knowledge comes from the scientific method, including history, scientific theories, observation, and experimentation. Like Aristotle, Machiavelli believed that it was important to have knowledge of past political systems, in order to build a greater one. However, Machiavelli, put more emphasis on the empirical method, and rejected superstitions more strongly than Aristotle had. Similarly to Aristotle, Machiavelli also believed that the one of the best forms of government is one that is a mixed such as a republic, which he believed had the potential to be successful as discussed in The Discourses . He also “holds with the view that the foundation of the most stable government must ultimately rest on the law”
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(Tannenbaum & Schultz 126),just as Aristotle believed,
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machiavelli paper - The Great Debate: Classicist or...

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