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polysci notes 2 - 1/24 Political Science Polis-city-state...

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1/24 Political Science Polis- city-state such as Athens or Sparta -community from 10,000 to 250,000 -in city there were markets, seat of the govn, temples, and theaters -some were democratic-all citizens took part in govn –direct democracy (Athens=classic case) *not all people were citizens-kids, slaves, women *all men were expected to take part in govn such as legislation and peoples courts *peoples courts= large juries (100s of people) always changing -some were not democratic-some rule with iron hand-war dominated -in democracy public life was expected, good and enriching Playwrights: didn’t hold back Sophocles. Antigone : -disobedience of constituted political authority-when is it right? -traditional gender roles- are women subordinate by nature or custom? -is there some ultimate standard of law that is above the law of the state? If there is should we obey that law? (natural law) *comparable to MLK jr. letters from jail -can we distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate rule -does family demand greater loyalty than state Aristophanes. Lysistrata: -written during the end of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) anti-war play -ridicules war like people in Sparta -women enter politics without an invitation but showing capability Sophists -
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