Communications Exam 2 Review

Communications Exam 2 Review - Communications Exam 2 Review...

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Communications Exam 2 Review 1. Proximity-geographic closeness affects who we meet and makes interaction opportunities more abundant. Physical Attractiveness- physically attractive photos rated more likeable, friendly and intelligent but it is curvilinear because there is a drop off in likeability/friendly in the most attractive people Similarity- we want to meet people with similar interests, attitudes, attractiveness, personality, demographics. It makes for more effective communication. Liking-perceived reciprocity of liking, we like people who like us. Increases self esteem and self worth. Self-Esteem- recent changes in self esteem can influence your choice of people: lowered self-esteem might encourage dating “the rebound” and you may find more people attractive. Increased self esteem- increases liking of others b/c feeling better about yourself may make you feel better about others. Anxiety- affects our need to interact and affiliate with others. Personal anxiety kindles relationships because when your world is uncertain, a relationship provides certainty. Isolation- lonliness and isolation increase attraction because our standards for acceptable friends are lowered and fewer eligible partners may actually increase likelihood of finding one attractive. 2. People enter into relationships for: Affection, Control, Predictability, Support, and Companionship. 3. The matching hypothesis says that we are not attracted to the “most attractive” but to the person who matches our own perception of our own attractiveness, intelligence etc. 4. The social penetration theory (onion theory) is based on the idea that relationships develop almost solely through self-disclosure. This is also called the onion theory because layers of the self are revealed in stages starting with the visible self and leading to the core and you peel back layers to get to the
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inner self or core. This is now disputed because not all relationships go through these stages. The stages are: Orientation -Superficial small talk (favorite band, sports team, old schools) Exploratory exchange (a deeper exploration)- Probe deeper but not to personal, wider variety of topics, beyond superficial, testing out Affective exchange (Emotion and less safe topics)- Emotional duality to exchanges, deeper more personal topics Stable exchange - giving and receiving intimate information (not all relationships progress to this stage) 5. Knapp’s theory of the life cycle of relationships is broken into 2 parts the coming together(1-5) then the coming apart(6-10). 1. Initiating- initial display of self. Manage self-presentation and decide what info to display. 2. Experimenting- small talk, auditioning, figuring out if you will work out in a relationship. 3.
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Communications Exam 2 Review - Communications Exam 2 Review...

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