The Ottoman Empire Notes

The Ottoman Empire Notes - The Ottoman Empire 1289 to 1923...

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The Ottoman Empire - 1289 to 1923 - Osman o Chief (bey) of semi nomadic Turks o Wanted to become ghazi (Muslim religious warriors) - Location: border of Byzantine empire opportunity to wage holy war o 1326: Bursa Became capital of Ottoman principality First success o 1352: Gallipoli foothold in Europe o Erdine (Adrianole): Second capital Base for more expansion into Balkans - Looted, gathered revenues enrich ghazi and central gov’t - Military o Drive Ottoman expansion o Light cavalry o Volunteer infantry o Heavy cavalry (as state grew) o Slave troops (devshirme) – after moving into Balkans Christian population of Balkans provide young boys to become slaves Special training Convert to Islam
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Learned Turkish Became Civilian admin Military (Janissaries) – spirit de corps, loyalty, readiness for new technology (gun powder, weapons) - Mehmed the conqueror o Constantinople to Istanbul (1453) o Warrior sultan/true emperor o Foundations for centralized, abs monarchy – army had no real rival o Conquest: Serbia, S Greece, Albania, Trebizond (last Byzantine outpost),
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 112 taught by Professor Whitcomb during the Spring '08 term at Gonzaga.

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The Ottoman Empire Notes - The Ottoman Empire 1289 to 1923...

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