historylecture - Take: "The Great Train Robbery"...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Take: "The Great Train Robbery" December 2007 A SHORT HISTORY OF HOLLYWOOD I. Infancy of movies (1896-1909) (mostly from Balio, American Film Industry , 3-18) A. Thomas Edison introduced the first motion picture projector in New York in 1896 1. Soon spread to other cities 2. Films were very short--a few minutes 3. No sound 4. Subjects dealt with "scenic pictures of far-away places, little dramatic incidents, comedies, trick films, and vaudeville turns. . .onrushing trains, careening fire trucks, exotic dancers, and stirring parades. . ." (p. 7) B. First film to tell a real story was "The Great Train Robbery" in 1903 1. Edwin S. Porter, who made it, "invented the princ- iple of editing. Instead of merely presenting a a series of short clips strung together, he was able to tell a compelling and dramatic story with a daring train holdup, a brave and desperate pursuit, and a thrilling last-minute capture." (p. 9) a. It's a Western b. It is silent c. It is very violent (eight murders?) 2. In the final scene, a robber points his gun and shoots at the audience--people screamed and dived under their seats--illustrates how real movies seemed to an unsophisticated audience [Show final shot from "The Great Train Robbery" 3. Storytelling movies became general in the period 1906-1908 (Hampton, History , p. 39) 4. The standard length of a film in this period was one reel, 800 to 1000 feet of film, which ran for about 14 minutes (Balio, p. 17) C. Development of the industry 1. First permanent motion picture theater opened in 1905--named "Nickelodeon" because admission was five cents--by 1910, there were 10,000 in the U. S.--p. 15 2. By 1908, weekly nickelodeon attendance reportedly hit 14,000,000, or %16 of the U. S. population (Kern, The Hollywood Film Industry , p. 188) 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
II. Maturity of the silent era (1909-1927) A. Partly because of its year-round good weather, partly because it was close to varied topography, and also because it was close to the Mexican border, where they could escape the law, independent motion picture makers began to settle in the Los Angeles area around 1913--the birth of Hollywood--p.104--before long, H had become the center of the motion-picture industry, although movies continued to be made in and around New York for years (some still are) B. Rise of the star system 1. Until about 1909, the actors in a film were not identified in the credits 2. But audiences soon learned to identify particular favorites--especially, a blond, curly-haired teen- age girl, known as "The Girl With The Golden Hair" or "Little Mary" (after a character she played in one film) was quite popular: Mary Pickford (This and the following info from Katz, Film Encyclo- pedia , p. 912) 4. In 1910, Pickford left one of the Trust companies Biograph, where she was making $40 a week, for IMP, one of the independents, who paid her $175 a week-- IMP advertized her pictures heavily, the public responded with adulation, and she became the first "movie star;" eventually, she made $350,000 a film
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 10

historylecture - Take: "The Great Train Robbery"...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online