comd test 3

comd test 3 - You should know the definition, application,...

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You should know the definition, application, and/or importance of the following terms for test 3. lexical relations semantic roles deixis inference presupposition speech acts - direct and indirect face - negative and positive face threatening entailment implicature cooperative principle Grice’s Maxims observe and flout First Language Acquisition theories requirements timeline concepts that are mastered early Second Language Acquisition affective filters approaches to teaching types of input for second language learners communicative competence SEMANTICS Semantics- the study of the meaning of words, phrases and sentences Semantic Roles Agent – initiated the action; intend the action or control the action (usually subject) o drew o doer Experiencer- role in the situation usually characterized primarily through feelings of perceptions (usually subject) o Think, see, wonder Patient – affected undergoer of an action; undergoes material change as a result of the action (person/animal) o marcus o Who the action is done- reciever
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Theme – entity moved or acted upon in an action but without substantial change in itself o Subject o football Instrument – thing used by an agent to do an action o Hand, mouth Goal – endpoint of a trajectory through which an entity moves o To score Source – initial point of a trajectory through which an entity moves; container out of which an entity moves Benefactive – entity that benefits from an action Location – place at which an action occurs Time – time at which an action occurs, or state of affair holds How it works?!?! Ask <agent, theme> Wash <agent,theme> Donate <agent, benefactive, theme> Believe <experiencer, theme> Cut <agent, theme, instrument> Kick <agent, patient/theme> Throw <agent, theme, location> Put <agent, theme, location> See <experiencer, theme> Think <experiencer, theme> Lexical Relationship Synonyms o Sofa/couch o Car/automobile Antonyms o Gradable (the negative of one doesn’t imply the other) Big/small – if its not big, still doesn’t mean its small Deep/shallow o Nongradable (the negative of one does imply the other) True/false Dead/alive o Reversives (always verb) Raise/lower Lock/unlock Hyponyms (the meaning of one form is included in the other) o Shnowzer – dog – animal
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Homophones (sound same, different meanings) o Sail/sale o There/their/they’re o Bear/bare Homonym (words spell same/sound same but 2 different meanings) o Bank (river/money)
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comd test 3 - You should know the definition, application,...

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