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Unformatted text preview: COMD Test 1 Notes 1-16-07 Pre-Assessment 1. Biting snakes are dangerous. Snakes that bite are dangerous. Biting snakes is a dangerous thing to do. 2. Hipme. Hichu. Hitim. Hit me. Hit you. Hit him. 3. I assassinated the President. I assassinated a rosebush The word &quot;assassinated&quot; is used incorrectly in the second sentence. 4. I saw her duck. I watched her move out of the way. I saw her pet duck. 5. Untieable. Cannot be tied. Can be untied. 6. GHOTI. GH from &quot;enough&quot; --&gt; f sound. O from &quot;women&quot; --&gt; i sound. TI from &quot;education&quot; --&gt; sh sound. FISH 1-18-07 1. What is language? 1. Language- communication by means of sound or patterned movement. 2. Human language- a conventional system of signs that allow for the creative communication of meaning. 1. Creative communication- the ability for speakers to create new utterances that take on new meanings. 2. Bow Wow Theory- the theory that suggests that spoken communication developed from onomatopoeia. a. Onomatopoeia- words that &quot;echo&quot; natural sounds. Ex. Pop, bang, boom. 3. Human physiology: a. Teeth- upright and even; helpful in making sounds such as f or v. b. Lips- intricate muscle flexibility; helpful in making sounds such as p or b. c. Tongue- muscular to shape a wide variety of sounds inside the oral cavity. d. Larynx- &quot;voicebox&quot; containing vocal cords. e. Pharynx- area above the vocal cords where sound resonates. f. Brain- lateralized; it has specialized functions in each of the two hemispheres. 4. Innateness hypothesis: Scientists are still unsure which gene is responsible for human language. 3. Interactional language vs. Transactional language 4. Interactional- uses gestures (smiling, rolling eyes) rather than words to communicate. 5. Transactional- speaking words to communicate. 6. Writing systems: 1. Pictograms- a symbol that represents an object or concept. 2. Ideograms- a symbol that represents and idea. 3. Logograms- symbols represent words or morphemes; arbitrary--symbols may not look like what they represent....
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- Spring '08
- vocal cords, Ex., voiceless stops, Interactional language vs