com d Test 1 Notes - COMD Test 1 Notes Pre-Assessment 1...

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COMD Test 1 Notes   1-16-07   Pre-Assessment   1. Biting snakes are dangerous. Snakes that bite are dangerous. Biting snakes is a dangerous thing to do. 2. Hipme. Hichu. Hitim. Hit me.  Hit you.  Hit him. 3. I assassinated the President.  I assassinated a rosebush The word "assassinated" is used incorrectly in the second sentence. 4. I saw her duck. I watched her move out of the way. I saw her pet duck. 5. Untieable.  Cannot be tied. Can be untied. 6. GHOTI. GH from "enough" --> f sound. O from "women" --> i sound. TI from "education" --> sh sound. FISH   1-18-07   1. What is language? 1. Language- communication by means of sound or patterned movement. 2. Human language- a conventional system of signs that allow for the creative communication of meaning. 1. Creative communication- the ability for speakers to create new utterances that take on new  meanings. 2. Bow Wow Theory- the theory that suggests that spoken communication developed from  onomatopoeia. a. Onomatopoeia- words that "echo" natural sounds. Ex. Pop, bang, boom. 3. Human physiology: a. Teeth- upright and even; helpful in making sounds such as f or v.  b. Lips-  intricate muscle flexibility; helpful in making sounds such as p or b. c. Tongue- muscular to shape a wide variety of sounds inside the oral cavity.
d. Larynx- "voicebox" containing vocal cords. e. Pharynx - area above the vocal cords where sound resonates. f. Brain - lateralized; it has specialized functions in each of the two hemispheres. 4. Innateness hypothesis:  Scientists are still unsure which gene is responsible for human language.   3. Interactional language vs. Transactional language 4. Interactional- uses gestures (smiling, rolling eyes) rather than words to communicate. 5. Transactional - speaking words to communicate. 6. Writing systems: 1. Pictograms - a symbol that represents an object or concept. 2. Ideograms - a symbol that represents and idea.  3. Logograms- symbols represent words or morphemes; arbitrary--symbols may not look like what  they represent.

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