COMD Test 1 Notes1-16-07Pre-Assessment1.Biting snakes are dangerous.Snakes that bite are dangerous.Biting snakes is a dangerous thing to do.2.Hipme. Hichu. Hitim.Hit me. Hit you. Hit him.3.I assassinated the President. I assassinated a rosebushThe word "assassinated" is used incorrectly in the second sentence.4.I saw her duck.I watched her move out of the way.I saw her pet duck.5.Untieable. Cannot be tied.Can be untied.6.GHOTI.GH from "enough" --> f sound.O from "women" --> i sound.TI from "education" --> sh sound.FISH1-18-071.What is language?1.Language- communication by means of sound or patterned movement.2.Human language- a conventional system of signs that allow for the creative communication of meaning.1.Creative communication- the ability for speakers to create new utterances that take on new meanings.2.Bow Wow Theory- the theory that suggests that spoken communication developed from onomatopoeia.a.Onomatopoeia- words that "echo" natural sounds. Ex. Pop, bang, boom.3.Human physiology:a.Teeth- upright and even; helpful in making sounds such as f or v. b.Lips- intricate muscle flexibility; helpful in making sounds such as p or b.c.Tongue- muscular to shape a wide variety of sounds inside the oral cavity.
d.Larynx- "voicebox" containing vocal cords.e.Pharynx- area above the vocal cords where sound resonates.f.Brain- lateralized; it has specialized functions in each of the two hemispheres.4.Innateness hypothesis: Scientists are still unsure which gene is responsible for human language.3.Interactional language vs. Transactional language4.Interactional- uses gestures (smiling, rolling eyes) rather than words to communicate.5.Transactional- speaking words to communicate.6.Writing systems:1.Pictograms- a symbol that represents an object or concept.2.Ideograms- a symbol that represents and idea. 3.Logograms- symbols represent words or morphemes; arbitrary--symbols may not look like what they represent.