Study Guide for Test 1COMD 2050 Section 3Properties of Human Language1Displacement- animals communicate in the present, whereas humans can discuss past events as well as the present.2. Arbitrariness-there is not natural connection between a sound and its meaning.3. Productivity- can produce ad understand a sentence that has never been said before.4. Cultural Transmission-the ability to transmit culture and language (adopting a Chinese child5. Discreteness- sounds in a language are meaningfully distinct (pat vs. bat).6. Duality- different levels of meaning; many sounds can be combined in many ways to form words, which leads to the formation of sentences. Properties of all language1. Reciprocity- the speaker is also the listener (conversation).2. Specialization- sounds made serve no other purpose than to communicate.3. Non-directionality- linguistic signals can be picked up by anyone that can hear the signals (reason to whisper).4. Rapid fade- sounds that are produced disappear quickly.Onomatopoeia:•Bow Wow Theory- the theory that suggests that spoken communication developed from onomatopoeia.•Onomatopoeia- words that "echo" natural sounds. Ex. Pop, bang, boom.Types of Writing1. pictograms- a symbol that represents an object or concept.2. ideograms- a symbol that represents and idea3. logograms- symbols represent words or morphemes; arbitrary--symbols may not look like what they represent.