comd all notes

comd all notes - Properties of Language • What is...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Properties of Language • What is Language? o Communication by means of sound or patterned movement • What is human Language? o A conventional system of signs that allows for the creative communication of meaning o Conventional = no direct link between words and meaning ARBITRARY o System = it is rule governed o Creative Communication = you can make up a sentence never said before • When did human language start? o Biblically- Adam and Eve o Hindu – Sarasvati o UNKNOWN • The Bow Wow Theory o Language began by imitating natural sounds o Onomatopoeia – bang/boom/buzz o Human Physiology Teeth- upright and even / used to make f, z Lips – muscle structure – used to make vowels p,b Mouth – can open and close rapidly and make shapes Tongue – flexible / makes 90% of sounds in English Larynx – vocal chords / where the sounds comes from Pharynx – where the sound resonates so you can project Brain – lateralized (split in 2 hemispheres), language is on both sides / motor control on one and sounds and words on the other • Genetic Source (where we think language may or may not come from) o Innateness Hypothesis – because the larynx drops creating the pharynx, people believe that humans are born to talk • Interactional vs. Transactional o Interactional – 90% of language used (looks, gestures, talking, feeling, jokes…) o Transactiona l – used to convey information • Writing o Pictograms – where symbol represents object or concept take pill orally o Ideograms – where symbol represents concept or idea danger of fire its hot o Logograms – where symbols represent words or morphemes(smallest part of language that has meaning) i.e. Chinese, Japanese, Egyptian o Rebus writing –pictures represent words or parts of words o Alphabetic writing – symbols that represent sounds • Why aren’t English words spelled how they sound? o English is a combination of many languages o English decided to write language down and French hired dutch to write stuff down and they didn’t care o England was invaded so many times o Alcohol – Arabic canoe – tribe of Indians • Communicative vs. Informative o Communicative – intentional (i.e. wink or wave) o Informative – non intentional (i.e. cough, yawn)\ • Properties of Language o Reciprocity – speaker is also the listener of the conversation o Specialization – the sounds that we make are for no other purpose except to communicate o Non Directionality – the sounds we make can be picked up by anyone that can hear o Rapid Fade – sounds go away fast • Properties unique to human language o Displacement – can talk in all tenses (past/future) o Arbitrariness – the words we use have no inherent meaning, we’ve assigned meaning o Productivity – can create a sentence never spoken before o Cultural Transmission – you learn your language based on culture o Discreteness – the sounds of language are meaningfully distinct o Duality – we have layers upon layers of stuff we do to create language...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 21

comd all notes - Properties of Language • What is...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online