PP2 - Trends in American Youth Crime Delinquency CJ 360...

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Trends in American Youth Crime & DelinquencyCJ 360Professor Gulledge
Juvenile Crime RatesJuvenile justice policy is often notinformed by the changing trends in juvenile crime ratesIrrational, ideological crime control policiesEx. “get tough” Late 1990s – early 2000s Declining rates of juvenile crime and violence Continued demand for aggressive crackdowns on young offendersMoral panic intensified by highly publicized eventsE.g., school shootings Determining juvenile crime ratesNational stats were not available until 70sChanges in juvenile crime ratesResearch relied on data from LEOs
Crime RatesRates are a measure of the amount of changein relation to some basis of calculationComponentsAmount of crime in questionPopulation at risk for that crime*A constant multiplier**LocationTime spanCrime Rate = (Amount/Population at Risk) x 100,000When making comparisons, relying only on the amount of crime without taking into account population differences can be misleading3
Official Records of Delinquency:Uniform Crime Report (UCR)Crime in the United States (CIUS): number of arrests and “cleared” crimesPart I (Index) and Part II (non-Index)Part I offenses include illegal acts considered to be particularly serious “that occur with sufficient frequency” (USDJ)Criminal homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor-vehicle theft, and arson (1979)Part II offenses include all other acts (21), except traffic violationsBenefits vs Criticisms?4
Official Records of Delinquency:Nat’l Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)Major characteristics of serious crimes, rather than aggregate counts of incidents and arrests

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