Structural Functionalism Handout - Structural Functionalism Structural Functionalism makes 7 main assumptions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Systems have a property of

Structural Functionalism Handout - Structural Functionalism...

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Structural Functionalism Structural Functionalism makes 7 main assumptions. 1. Systems have a property of order and an interdependence of parts Societies and social units are held together by cooperation and orderliness 2. Systems tend toward self-maintaining order, or equilibrium Societies and social units work best when they function smoothly as an organism, with all parts working toward the “natural” or smooth working of the system 3. The system may be static or involved in an ordered process of change 4. The nature of one part of the system has an impact on the form that the other parts can take 5. Systems maintain boundaries within their environments Natural (external) environments are separate but adapt to each other. The same dynamic occurs within societies and/or social units – if one or more parts significantly conflicts with others, others must adapt 6. Allocation and integration are two fundamental processes necessary for a gives state of equilibrium within a system
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  • Fall '07
  • Shields
  • Sociology, social units

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