Structural Functionalism Structural Functionalism makes 7 main assumptions. 1. Systems have a property of order and an interdependence of parts • Societies and social units are held together by cooperation and orderliness 2. Systems tend toward self-maintaining order, or equilibrium • Societies and social units work best when they function smoothly as an organism, with all parts working toward the “natural” or smooth working of the system 3. The system may be static or involved in an ordered process of change 4. The nature of one part of the system has an impact on the form that the other parts can take 5. Systems maintain boundaries within their environments • Natural (external) environments are separate but adapt to each other. The same dynamic occurs within societies and/or social units – if one or more parts significantly conflicts with others, others must adapt 6. Allocation and integration are two fundamental processes necessary for a gives state of equilibrium within a system
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course EDU 310 taught by Professor Shields during the Fall '07 term at University of Maine Orono .