final exam new material - Prep For Final Exam History 106...

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Prep For Final Exam History 1064-11-16Military aspect of the Prussian state emerged with Fredrick IFredrick I 1713-1740Frederick II was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786 born 1712He was also know as = Enlightened DespotSilesia was conquered by Prussia in 1742, - it’s in Southern PolandThe results is War of Austrian succession = 1740 – 17487 year war = 1756 – 1763 Voltaire called Fredrick II = Philosopher KingVoltaire = the great figure of enlightenment – Apostle of enlightenmentFrançois-Marie Arouet (French: 1694 –1778), French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, Voltaire called FredrickphilosopherkingFredrick II invited Voltaire to stay at his court – he stayed for 3 years.Prussia Military state was compared to SpartaPrussia had to recon with the rise ofNapoleonPrussia was beaten by Napoleontime after timeToward the end of the 18thcentury Prussia and Napoleon went at it.Napoleon had done away with the Holy Roman EmpireGerman Confederation= 1815-1867The two dominant states in Germany was Austria and Prussia1867 Prussia emerged TriumphantPrussia formed the North German Confederation 1867-1871In 1862 Otto Von Bismarck
Otto Bismarck, 1815 –1898), known as Otto von Bismarck, was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890.He was Prussian and a Junker. His great goal was to bring the Germans to gather and in 1871 he brings the empire togetherVon = aristocrat1914 = WWI1914 Prussia and Austria went to war WWI they were alliesAmerican entered the was 1918The German Empire came toppling down in 1918Then the rise of Hitler 1933-1945He established the 3rdReichIn Hitler’s mind the 1stReich was the Holy Roman Empire 962-1806The 2ndReich emerged by the works of Bismarck 1871- 1918Hitler said = I am opening up a new era and it will last for a 1000 years and beyondAllies say = We are going to eliminate this Prussian state A part of Prussia went to Russia and a part went to PolandBrandenburg dissolved in 1952 1947 Prussia came to an end4-13-16Path of PowerRussia 13thcenturyWas over whelmed by the Mongols during the 13thcenturyIt was under the yolk of the Mongols – the Russian people. The Mongols maintained that position until 1580
Mother Russia was a feudalistic society well into the 19thcenturyIvan IV1547-1584 commonly known as Ivan the Terriblewas the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and 'Tsar of All the Russias' from 1547 until his death in 1584.1stTsar of Russia The Romanoff’s maintained power 1613-1917Michael I of Russia became the first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov after the zemskiy sobor of 1613 elected him to rule the Tsardom of Russia.Peter the Great - Peter I(Romanov) 1672 - 1725ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V.

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