exam 1 - Prep For Exam 1 2016 4 Major periods 1st...

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Prep For Exam 1 – 20164 Major periods:1stThe Precambrian 4.5 billion years ago – 570 2ndThe Paleozoic Era 570-225 age of fishes3rdTheMesozoic Era – 225 65 million years ago - age of dinosaurs 4th  The Cenozoic Era 65 - – age of mammals homo sapiens = 7 million years ago2.5 million yrs ago – cooling down – ice age = Pleistocene epoch330,000 years ago – polar ice caps formed, 4 major glaciations names in Europe 1 Gunz 2 Mindel 3Riss 4 Vurm7 contenients: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antartaca, Europe, Australia5 Oceans: Antarctic, Artic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific,Europe the 6thlargest continient = Pangea Panthalass seaThe dividing line of Asia and Europe are the Ural Mts. Ural Mts. Russia the largest nationEurope 4 million square miles.Geographically Europe East to west Ural Mts. to Atlantic OceanNorth-South artic Ocean to Mediterranean Sea 49=Nations Major Islands: Great Britain = Southern part = England - West =Wales – North=Scottland - West of Great Britain is Ireland Through the straight of Gibralter is the Mediterranean sea it has multitude of Islands:Corsica (Napoleon borne) – Sardina – Sicily – Malta – Crete – CypressSeas: North sea – Baltic sea –Tyrrhenian sea – Adriatic sea – Black Sea – Aegean Sea – Caspian Sea - Peninsula: Jutland – Iberian – Italian – BalkanRivers: Thames (London, Terminus = North Sea) – Seine (Paris – terminus = English Chanel) – Loire (west central France terminus = Atlantic Ocean)– Rhone (eastern France terminus = Mediterranean sea) – Po (terminus = Adriatic sea) – Tiber (Rome, terminus = Tyrrhenian sea) – Rhine (Germany terminus = North Sea) – Elbe (Germany terminus = North Sea)– Danube(Southwestern Europe 2ndlongest River, intersect with Vienna Hungary Budda+Pest terminus = Black Sea 1770 miles) – Volga (Central Europe, the longest river in Europe 2194 terminus = Caspian Sea) total = 10
11 nations on the Baltic peninsula – the Slavic people inhabited this areaSlovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, European geography:Alpine Mts. The Pyrenees Mountains separates the Iberian peninsula from France form the natural border between France and Spain, Iberian peninsula consist of Spain and Portugal to the west, French Alps, over the border Swiss Alps, to the east Italian Alps, Apennine Mountains, = the boot of ItalyThe Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians are a range of mountains forming an arc roughly 1,500 km (932 mi) long across Central Europe, making them the second-longest mountain range in Europe Caucus Mt Physical:Indo-EuropeanThe Eurasian Steppe, also called the Great Steppe or the steppes, is the vast steppe ecoregion of Europe and Asia in the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublandsbiome. It stretches from Moldavia through Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Xinjiang andMongolia to Manchuria, with one major exclave located mostly in Hungary, the Puszta.

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