TheByzantineEmpire (2) - The Byzantine Empire 395-1453 I...

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1 The Byzantine Empire 395-1453 I. The Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) A. Overview - Byzantium: ancient Greek name for Constantinople - emerged in the century after 565 (death of Justinian) - effects of invasions and war B. Breaking Ties with Italy - Italy considered too remote/strategically insignificant to the imperial government - popes turn to the Franks for protection - effectively ended Byzantine control in Italy (exception: Naples/Sicily) II. Religion, Government and Society A. Religion - Church under direct control of the emperor - the problems of religious icons - Significance of the iconoclast controversy: - Byzantine missionaries B. Laws and Culture - The Code of Justinian (533) - Intellectual Life - Constantinople: The Second Rome C. Society - hierarchical like Roman society - aristocracy - farming class - women
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III. The Decline of Byzantium A. Height of the Empire (9 th -11 th centuries - strong emperors led to territorial expansion B. 1025: the Decline Begins - weak emperors dismantle the military/squander wealth - loss of lands - result: significant reduction of manpower, revenue available to the state/loss of Danube border opened empire to easier attack) C. 1204: the sack of Constantinople - occurred during the Fourth Crusade
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From Barbarians to Charlemagne Europe: 476-954 Early Middle Age: 476- c. 1000 ( a.k.a. the “Dark Age” ) High Middle Ages: c. 1000-1300 Late Middle Ages: c. 1300-1500 I.
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