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History 1310: Test One Study GuideShort ID’s1.1stContinental Congress: To coordinate resistance to the Intolerable Acts, in September of 1774, a continental congress composed of political leaders of twelve mainland colonies (with the exception of Georgia) for a total of 56 in attendance, met in Philadelphia. 2.Albany Conference: The Albany Congress(1754) was a meeting of representatives sent by the legislatures of seven of the thirteencolonies to discuss better relations with the Native American tribes and common defensive measures against the French threat from Canada in the opening stage of the French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years' War between Great Britain and France. They were limited to the mission of pursuing a treaty withthe Mohawk and other major Iroquois tribes. 3.Andros Overthrow:In 1689, news of the overthrow of King James II triggered uprisings and rebellions in several American colonies. In April, the Boston militia seized and jailed Edmund Andros and other officials. From there the New England colonies reestablished the governments that were abolished when the Dominion of New England was created (sort of like Marshall Law) 4.Bacon’s Rebellion: In the summer of 1676 social tensions, coupled with widespread resentment against the injustices of Governor William Berkeley’s corrupt, thirty-year regime. The spark was a minorconfrontation between Indians and colonists on Virginia’s western frontier. The settlers demanded that the governor authorize the execution or removal of the colony’s Indians in order to open more land for whites. Berkeley refused fearing all out warfare and continuing to profit from the trade with Indians in deerskins. The uprising began and quickly spun out of control. Beginning with a series of Indian massacres, it grew into a full-fledged rebellion againstBerkeley and his system of rule. To some extent, Bacon’s Rebellion was a conflict within the Virginia elite. Nathaniel Bacon (leader) was awealthy, ambitious planter who disdained Berkeley and his inner circle of elitists. 5.Boston Massacre:On March 5, 1770, a fight between a snowball-throwing crowd of Bostonians and British troops escalated into an armed confrontation that left five Bostonians dead. 6.Boston Tea Party:On December 16, 1773, a group of colonists (the sons of liberty) disguised as Indians boarded three ships at anchor in Boston Harbor and threw more than 300 chests of tea into the water to protest the tea tax newly implemented by the British government.
The event became known as the Boston Tea Party. The loss to the EastIndia Trading Company (trading monopoly who supplied majority of imported products) was around £10,000 (the equivalent of more than $4 million today) 7.Calvert’s Maryland:Maryland in the 1640s verged near anarchy, with Pro-Parliament (British) force assaulting those loyal to Charles I.