Western Church - From Barbarians to Charlemagne Europe:...

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From Barbarians to Charlemagne Europe: 476-954 Early Middle Age: 476- c. 1000 ( a.k.a. the “Dark Age” ) High Middle Ages: c. 1000-1300 Late Middle Ages: c. 1300-1500 I. Europe Under the “Barbarians” A. Germanic Society B. Germanic Laws1 II. The Frankish Kingdom (481-962)- named after Franks who were semi nomadic Clovis finder of Frankish empire Sign: 1. The longest serving Germanic Empire in History 2. From this empire that France and Germany will form… France takes form before Germany. How: reliant military leader and support of Catholic Church. Clovis becomes Christian when he dies, empire is divided to three sons who will develop civil wars among Merovingians for 200 yrs on nonstop A. Clovis (r. 481-511) - founder of the most enduring Germanic kingdom - dynasty known as Merovingian - divided kingdom among his four sons B. The “Dark Ages” (511-700) - civil war among Merovingians, nonstop for 200 years will be called dark. Who runs empire when king is away at wars: new type of administrator called majordomo - rise of the majordomo- runs kingdom while king is away Sign: 1. over time, will gain power and replace king - Charles Martel (714-41)- majordomo who is leading own military campaign and will go to pope in Rome and ask if he needs a king. Martel’s son, Pippin will go to the Pope in
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Rome and ask if he can be the new ruler and eliminate the king. Pope says yes and Pippin will owe the Popoe a favore going to pope to receive blessings form God and pope will become a king maker. Popoe will get land from Pippin , Pippin is crowned by pope and land will be called Papal states: land surrounding city of Rome Sing: 1 of papal states lasted 1000 years and runned by political , religious control run by him more pope power. III. The Carolingians and Charlemagne A. Rise of Carolingians - 730s: Martel ruled without a Merovingian king - Pippin III deposes last Merovingian king - created an alliance between Church and State B. Charlemagne (768-814) [Charles the Great] – most powerful of this time why: 1. created the largest emire since Romans followed by napoleon 2. Unify Europe in common identity based on Christianity 3. Creadted opportunity for the chuch to gain more influence, Charlemagne was crowned by popoe personally given title of Holly Roman Emperor: Popes are king makers and they give blessings - Crude/brutal/intelligent/effective speaker - strong military leader with phenomenal energy - expanded Frankish kingdom to all of Europe (~) - Pope crowns Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor - broad significance of Charlemagne C. Government of Charlemagne - a fusion of Frankish practices/Christian ideals - empire not a true state - very decentralized rule D. Carolingian Renaissance - Charlemagne encouraged scholarly work - developed handwriting using lowercase letters - required all monasteries to form schools - salvaged/preserved writings of ancients
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E. After Charlemagne
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Western Church - From Barbarians to Charlemagne Europe:...

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