Unformatted text preview: Centralized empire Extensive trade through Africa, Asia, Byzantium Promoted scholarship and culture E. Abbasid caliphate (749-1258) Based in Mesopotamia (founded Baghdad) Decline due to financial problem Why the spread of Islam A. Military Reasons Byzantium/Persia weaken empires Tactical advantages of garrison cities Islam forbade Muslims from raiding other Muslims B. Religious/Social Reasons Simplicity of doctrine/similar Judeo-Christian values No forced conversions of Christians and Jews Overthrew old privileged class/less intrusive...
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- Fall '07
- Islam, Shia Sunni Split, Islam B. Umar, Islam A. Abu, Shi'a D. Umayyad