HIST TERM PAPER - Khan Fahad R Khan Professor David Mason...

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Khan Fahad R Khan Professor David Mason History 1111 04/06/06 Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) Muhammad's religious career is often divided into two periods: the Meccan Period which lasted for thirteen years, from the start of his revelations to his emigration to Medina; and the Medinan period, which lasted the remaining ten years of his life. The Meccan Period is characterized by the more elliptical and otherworldly portions of the Qur'an and by the story of the rejected and persecuted prophet in Mecca. If the assassination plot against him in 621 succeeded, his religious career would have been similar in broad outline to that of Jesus. However, Muhammad escaped the trap set for him and went to live in the oasis of Medina. There he evolved from the charismatic head of a small group to the political and spiritual director of a large community. For the first time he had to wrestle with the challenges of creating a new society in Medina. The Qur'an continued to be revealed to him, but the focus of the message broadened now from the purely spiritual to include the more temporal issues of community building, lawmaking, and social institutions. Muhammad also came under formal military attack for the first time in Medina. Consequently, the Qur'an and Muhammad's teaching also focused on delineating the concept of the just war. Formal permission to fight is first applied in the Medinan Period:
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HIST TERM PAPER - Khan Fahad R Khan Professor David Mason...

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