Bleeding and Shock Circulatory (Cardiovascular) System Review Anatomy review Heart Arteries Capillaries Veins Blood Perfusion:circulation of blood through an organ Hypoperfusionis the inadequate circulation of blood through an organ. Inadequate tissue perfusion is shock. External Bleeding Body substance isolation Eye protection Gloves Gown Mask Hand washing following each run
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Types of external bleeding Arterial The blood spurts from the wound. The blood is bright, red, and oxygen rich. Venous The blood flows as a steady stream. The blood is dark and oxygen poor. Capillary The blood oozes from a capillary and is dark red in color. The bleeding often clots spontaneously. Severity General impression of the amount of blood loss. Signs and symptoms of shock (hypoperfusion) The sudden loss of one liter (1000 cc) of blood in the adult patient 1/2 liter (500 cc) of blood in the child 100-200 cc of the blood volume in an infant 30cc (1 ounce) in a newborn is serious. Uncontrolled bleeding or significant blood loss leads to shock (hypoperfusion) and possibly death.