HO CPR 2006

HO CPR 2006 - Basic Life Support: Airway Obstruction &...

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Basic Life Support: Airway Obstruction & Rescue Breathing Death of Brain Cells 0 Minutes 4-6 Minutes 10 Minutes Airway- Is the airway open? Breathing - Is the patient breathing? Circulation - Does the patient have circulation? Is there a pulse? Respiratory Arrest - No breathing Respiratory Failure - May be breathing, but not well enough to keep patient alive needs assisted ventilation. Cardiac Arrest - No breathing, no pulse Positioning Patient Place patient on back (supine) when treating for: >Respiratory arrest > Respiratory failure > Cardiac arrest Use 4 person “logroll.” (You can do that by yourself, if necessary.) Signs of Adequate Breathing Open the airway with appropriate method +Look for rise & fall of chest. +Listen/feel for air moving through nose & mouth. +Look for pink skin. (In dark-pigmented patient, look for pink nail beds.) +Note depth of breathing. +Note approximate breathing rate.(12-20 typical for adult) Signs of Inadequate Breathing Respiratory Failure +Chest movement absent, minimal, or uneven. +Abdominal breathing +Little or no air movement at nose & mouth
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+Shallow, very deep, or labored breathing. +Abnormal sounds (gurgling, snoring, wheezing, etc.) +Rapid breathing (more than 29/min) +Slow breathing (less than 10/min) +Blue or gray skin Head-tilt, Chin lift Maneuver: Medical Patient Jaw-thrust Maneuver: Trauma or Unknown Airway Obstruction Airway can be blocked by: >Tongue (most common) >Foreign bodies (food, toys, vomitus) >Disease (croup, epiglottis, etc. >Allergic reaction >Contaminants (i.e. .Smoke inhalation) Complete FBAO = unable to speak Partial FBAO = able to speak Patient Care - Partial Airway Obstruction:Good Air Exchange Emergency Care Steps +Activate EMS +Encourage patient to cough. +Do not interfere stand by. +Protect patient from untrained, bystanders. +Transport Complete FBAO:Unconscious Adult +Ventilation attempts unsuccessful +Reposition, if 2nd attempt fails start CPR procedures Look into Mouth prior to each ventilation. NO BLIND FINGER SWEEPS
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HSC HC26 taught by Professor W.lee during the Summer '08 term at Suffolk.

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HO CPR 2006 - Basic Life Support: Airway Obstruction &...

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