Lawson 1 Notes

Lawson 1 Notes - Lawson 1 Notes Thursday, 09/25/08 Mutually...

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Lawson 1 Notes Thursday, 09/25/08 Mutually constituting: societies make laws, laws make societies Organizational: laws guide and govern social relations, and regulate the exercise of power Types and Jurisdictions of law: local (city, state), federal, military, and international Law doesn’t just govern people, it governs government and the state Federal laws govern the nation Local laws o Ex: California cell phone law Functions of Law Social control Dispute settlement Legalizing power Facilitating social change Preserving rights and civil liberties Expressing society’s moral values Disfunctions of Law Not available or accessible to all Creates and perpetuates inequality Reflects the interests and values of those in power Creates uncertainty, complexity
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Tuesday, 09/30/08 Social Orders, Social Changes Modern o Society is complex and people can vote o It is mutually reinforcing o You are not born into power like the pre-modern state Pre-Modern o Sovereign King: ruling power (inherited) o King’s laws: has rights, subjects have duties; crimes are acts against king; people had no rights, just duties o Social order: social castes; religious communities o Church: separate powers and laws from those of the king o Crime of stealing = crime against king o Crime of blasphemy = crime against church Europe in 450 A.D. o So called dark-ages after fall of Roman Empire o No centralized authority or machinery of government except for church o Societies and economies local in nature o Europe in 998 A.D. Holy Roman Empire and High Middle Ages Centralizing governments controlling larger areas Economic improvements o Dark ages was an age of ignorance o Discovery of Roman laws was essential o Civil law was created out of Roman Empire o Torture was legal, and legal system required torture o Prior to torture, they would rely on accusations Confession would only work for torture to happen o Judicial Torture: torture for a confession Not done in public o Penal Torture: punishment is hurting them elaborately in public and not only killed o People would literally see justice being done in the public scene o Europe in 1092 A.D: Start of The Crusades o Medieval starts in 1230, torture for confessions authorized in 1252 o Spanish: 1478-1789 o Roman: starts in 1542; 1559 index of banned books on science and/or by Protestant authors o 1340’s: Black Death Killed 30-40% of Europe’s population o Inquisitions were ways for the church to reinforce their power Church tried to scare people o They mainly investigated heresy
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Faith, Fear, and Power of the Church Church is authority of knowledge; knowledge is power Theological doctrines (dogmas) dictate what is true and to disbelieve this challenges the Church’s authority Censorship increases after invention of printing press in 1439, which made dissemination of new ideas faster and wider Roman inquisition banned most books
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Lawson 1 Notes - Lawson 1 Notes Thursday, 09/25/08 Mutually...

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