Key Concepts/Ideas: Crime, criminal acts, and criminals are socially created. Crimes by any other name are those acts which do social harm and are comparable to criminal acts in the amount of suffering and harm they cause, but which are typically not thought of as criminal. Decisions are made as to what will be called crime and who will be treated as a criminal. Crime is not a simple objective threat: “it is a reality that takes shape as is it filtered through a series of human decisions running the full gamut of the criminal justice system” and beyond. The criminal justice system is a mirror that shows a very specific, and according to Jeffrey Reiman, “distorted” image of the dangers that threaten us. The Prison industrial complex refers to a condition in which prisons are not at the fringes of economic development and social reproduction but are major forces in it. Like the military industrial complex, the
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