EuropeintheHighMiddleAges

EuropeintheHighMiddleAges - Europe in the High Middle Ages...

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1 Europe in the High Middle Ages (1000 - 1300) I. Economic Expansion A. Population Growth/Technological Change - population doubled to 60 million (1000-1200) - technology improvements 1B. Revival of Cities and Towns - reasons for growth - town characteristics - the town charter (granted by a by lord/gave liberties) - status of townspeople II. Commercial Revolution A. Rise of Guilds - merchant guilds - craft guilds - changes in finance - the Hanseatic League III. Germany, Italy and France (900-1300) A. Germany (“Holy Roman Empire”) - region had no tradition of common/unified rule - consisted of five main duchies - kings had trouble ruling over the duchies - the investiture controversy - by 13 th century referred to a Holy Roman Empire B. Italy - divided by regions - the communal movement - southern Italy contested by Byzantines/Muslims
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C. France - formed out of West Francia - expanding the territory - ruling France: controlling local nobles 1 III. The British Isles A. Wars of Succession - England more homogeneous than France/Germany - Alfred the Great (871-899) expels Vikings - 1014: Vikings reconquer England/rule to 1042 - Edward the Confessor rules to 1066 - William the Conqueror (1066-89) B. Common Law, Magna Carta and Parliament - Alfred build a strong centralized government - goals of 12 th century English kings - Common Law - 1215: Magna Carta (Great Charter) - Parliament IV. The Growth of New States A. Kingdom Building in Spain - culturally diverse: Christians/Jews/Muslims - the reconquista B. Scandinavia and the Slavic World - Scandinavia - Slavic World 1 V. The Crusades A. What were They? - wars sponsored by papacy for recovery of Holy Land - grew out of conflicts with the Muslims in Spain - crusading became a sign of prestige
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B. Why Crusade? -
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EuropeintheHighMiddleAges - Europe in the High Middle Ages...

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