Civil Rights- We the People Ch. 4TermsCivil Liberties- areas of personal freedom constitutionally protected fromgovernment interferenceJudicial Review- power to judge constitutionality of a law or gov. regulationSelective incorporation- the process of incorporating the states to protectthe different protections in the bill of rightsRights in the Body of the ConstitutionWrit of Habeas Corpus- the gov. shall not suspend liberties/rights except incases of rebellion or invasion of the publicEx Post Facto Laws- the gov. shall not punish a person for a crime that wasnot a crime when committedBill of Attainder- the gov. should not punish you without a trialThe Bill of Rights1stguaranteesfreedom of Speech,Press,Assembly,To Petition, andPrevents Congress from establishing a religion2ndallows theRight to Bear Arms3rdprohibitsQuartering of Soldiers4threstricts unlawfulSearches and Seizures5thprovides forGrand Juries,Restricts EminentDomain andProhibits Forced Self- Incrimination andDouble Jeopardy6thOutlines Criminal Procedures includingRights to Defense in CriminalTrials7thGuaranteesJury in Civil CaseEminent Domain- Gov. can’t take yourproperty for no reason
8thPrevents Excessive Bail andUnusual Punishments9thAllows that1st-8thdo not include all possible rights10thReserves for theStates anyPowers Not Delegated to the National Gov.Nationalizing the Bill of RightsInBaron v. Baltimore, (1883)14thAmmendment protects against violation of rights by the StateNo State shall make or Enforce any law which shall abridge the Privileges orImmunities of citizens of the USNor shall any state deprive any person of Life, Liberty, or Property withoutDue Process of Law, nor deny any person the Equal Protection of the LawsThe First Red ScareTheSedition Act of 1918forbid individuals to speak or publish languageintended toincite resistance to the US Gov.