Chapter43Sum07rev

Chapter43Sum07rev - Ethology: The study of an animal in its...

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Ethology: The study of an animal in its natural habitat Behavior : everything an animal does and how it does it Ethology and behavioral psychology merges to form animal behavior
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Ethologists Konrad Lorenz – “father of ethology” Niko Tinbergen – also founding father of ethology (animals and landmarks) Karl Von Frisch – deciphered meaning of the waggle dance
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Animal behavior - ( innate behavior ) and environmental experiences ( learning ) All behaviors arise out of interaction between genes and the environment
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Genetic component of behavior Nest building
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The gathering of nest materials by lovebirds has genetic and environmental components Figure 37.2 Single long strip carried in beak (Fischer’s lovebird) Several short strips tucked under feathers (peach-faced lovebird) Hybrid behavior Tucking failure Strip in beak
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The graylag goose always retrieves an egg that has been bumped out of her nest in the same manner Figure 37.3A Fixed action pattern
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FAP – opening mouth and cheeping The feeding behavior of a foster mother to the cuckoo chick
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Releaser in the robin
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Importance of innate behaviors? Required for survival of offspring Natural selection favors innate behavior so that the offspring can stay alive without first having to learn the behavior or have some experience
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Learning Helps animals change behaviors in response to environmental changes They might become better suited to a particular environment
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2009 for the course BIOL 101 taught by Professor Hogan during the Summer '08 term at UNC.

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Chapter43Sum07rev - Ethology: The study of an animal in its...

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