may19physiologynotes

may19physiologynotes - Demonstrate an understanding of...

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HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY NOTES FOR DATE: 05/19/08 Objectives Demonstrate an understanding of the hierarchy of biological organization of atoms into molecules, molecules into subcellular organelles, sucellular organelles into cells, cells into tissues, tissues into organs, and organs into organ systems. Apply the following directional terms to movement of substances: ingestion, excretion, filtration, absorption, exocrine secretion, endocrine secretion. Given a normal adult’s body weight, estimate the total body water, extracellular water, intracellular water, total blood volume, blood cell volume, and plasma volume and identify the barriers separating fluid compartments.
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Unformatted text preview: Demonstrate an understanding of hematocrit. Identify normal values for extracellular (interstitial fluid and plasma) osmolarity and pH and normal concentrations of Na, K, Cl, HCO3-, Ca 2+, protein and glucose. Compare and contrast these values with those for intracellular fluids. Identify the major components of cell membranes and their general functions. Distinguish the properties of membrane junctions including desmosomes, tight junctions, and gap junctions. Identify the following structures associated with epithelia: tight junctions, apical or luminal membrane, basolateral membrane, interstitial fluid, capillaries, and blood....
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