Chapt. 4 Key Terms - Chapter 4 Key Terms Bill of Right The...

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Chapter 4 Key Terms Bill of Right – The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Checks and Balances – The system by which each of the three branches of the national government, exercises checks on the powers of the other branches Commerce Clause – The provision in Article I, Section 8, of the U.S. Constitution that gives congress the power to regulate interstate commerce Compelling government interest – A test of constitutionality that requires the government to have compelling reasons for passing any law that restricts fundamental rights, such as free speech, or distinguishes between people based on a suspect trait. Due Process Clause – The provisions of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution that guarantee that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law. Similar clauses are found in most state constitutions Equal Protection Clause – The provision in the fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution that guarantees that no state will “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
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  • Fall '09
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