gomez_tif_09 - Chapter 9 Developing Careers Chapter 9...

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Chapter 9 – Developing Careers Chapter 9 Developing Careers OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS 1. Career development differs from training in that: a) career development has a short-term focus. Training has a long-term focus. b) career development is initiated by employees and training is initiated by the organization. c) career development has a wider focus and broader scope than training. d) career development is more beneficial to the organization and training is more beneficial to the individual employee. e) training is more popular in organizations than is career development. Answer: c M--Recall Page: 273 2. Career development: a) usually involves a one-time event or opportunity to enhance long-term skills. b) is a formal, organized, ongoing effort to develop people’s skills. c) has been in existence since the turn of the century. d) is usually a highly selective process which guarantees success through that selectivity. e) focuses on individual over organizational needs. Answer: b M--Recall Page: 273 3. When it comes to career development, workers: a) generally know precisely what they want to do with their careers. b) usually take sufficient action to ensure that they will be considered for new career opportunities. c) seldom experience a mismatch between their goals and career opportunities. d) often have goals their organizations do not know about. e) usually don't have sufficient experience to warrant promotion to the positions they desire. Answer: d M--Recall Page: 274 4. When businesses do not provide career development to employees, it increases the possibilities that: a) turnover will decrease. b) all employees will begin self-development. c) employees will be encouraged by promotion possibilities. d) employees will specialize in their specific jobs. e) the business will not keep pace with the changing business environment. Answer: e M--Integration Page: 275 29
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Part IV Employee Development 5. The purpose of career development has changed over time: a) from a focus on the organization to a focus on both the organization and the individual. b) from a focus on the individual to a focus on the organization. c) from a focus on the organization to a focus on the individual. d) to become synonymous with management development. e) to become less important than it was in the 1970s and 1980s. Answer: a E--Recall Page: 275 6. Companies now view career development as a way to meet a variety of goals, including: a) reinforcing affirmative action. b) reducing job burnout. c) improving quality of work life. d) furthering organizational and individual goals. e) all of the above Answer: e C--Integration Page: 275 7. Initially, companies viewed career development as a program to meet organizational need. Now, it is also looked upon as a way to meet employees’ needs. This shift in perspective is due to: a) the pressures of downsizing. b)
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gomez_tif_09 - Chapter 9 Developing Careers Chapter 9...

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