gomez_mhr05_im_16 - Part Six Chapter 16 Managing Workplace...

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Part Six Chapter 16 Managing Workplace Safety and Health CHAPTER OVERVIEW (PPT 16.1- 16.2) Organizations realize the importance of social responsibility and that safe organizations are more effective organizations. Moreover, the law requires that the workplace be safe and free of health hazards. Thus, many firms seek to provide a workplace environment that is safe and healthy. This chapter presents workplace safety and health in detail. First, it deals with the legal issues of workplace safety and health. Second, it presents a variety of contemporary safety and health issues. Finally, the chapter evaluates programs designed to maintain employee safety and health. ANNOTATED OUTLINE I. Workplace Safety and the Law (PPT 16.3- 16.6) All levels of government have passed numerous laws to regulate workplace safety. Many of these laws include detailed regulations dealing with hazards in specific industries such as coal mining and railroads. However, OSHA and workers' compensation laws affect most workers. A. Workers' Compensation State workers' compensation laws have no safety regulations or mandates, but they do require employers to pay for workers' compensation insurance. Workers' compensation benefits compensate employees for injuries or illnesses occurring on the job. 1. The benefits of workers’ compensation 2. The costs of workers’ compensation B. The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) Conversely, OSHA does not provide for compensation for workers. Rather, it mandates many safety standards and enforces them through inspections, citations, and fines. OSHA imposes three major obligations on employers: to provide a safe and 226
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Part Six healthy work environment, to comply with specific occupational safety and health standards, and to keep records of occupational injuries and illnesses. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has the primary responsibility for enforcing OSHA. 1. OSHA’s provisions 2. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration 3. The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC) 4. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) 5. State programs 6. The effectiveness of OSHA II. Managing Contemporary Safety, Health, and Behavioral Issues (PPT 16.7-16.12) Managers must deal with a variety of practical, legal, and ethical issues, many of which involve balancing individual rights with organizational needs. Because these issues often give rise to legal and ethical issues, HRM professionals are frequently called upon to develop and implement policies to deal with them. Among the weightiest issues facing employers today are: A. AIDS Dealing effectively with the workplace concerns that arise when an employee contracts AIDS will be one of the most important workplace health challenges of the next decade. 1.
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gomez_mhr05_im_16 - Part Six Chapter 16 Managing Workplace...

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