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Emergence of Christianity outlilne

Emergence of Christianity outlilne - The Emergence of...

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The Emergence of Christianity: Beliefs and Leaders of the Early Church Christianity and Ancient Thought: Synthesis of Cultures? Hebrew, Greek, Roman, Origins of “Western” Identity? Role of Religion in Cultural identity? Religion evolves because of a context Christianity context cultural and philosophical context Hebrew monotheism led to Platonism implemented this in the social world through roman law and roman institutional building. Christianity emphasized the natural believer in this world that focused on a higher world that is superior to the world we live in, main theme Highest good to know and love good highest good in engagement with a higher world puts it into a very worldly institution Christian view of God related to Platonic view of metaphysical world Hebrew idea that the truth is revealed to beings not approached by reason puts more stress on revelation as a path of truth God has given truth Religion plays a fundamental role of shaping cultural identity Success of Christianity? Relation to Mystery Religions Doctrines, Organization/Hierarchy, Roman Imperial System Why does Christianity emerge as the dominant religion? All other mystery religions beliefs led way for Christianity 1. Doctrines ideas/beliefs laid out by early leaders a. Jesus (4 BCE- 29 CE) i. Jewish born in Jewish family ii. Brought up during the Jewish debates of his era evolved his beliefs in a particular cultural context the Jewish Community around first century CE is connected to the birth of Christ 2. Organization/Hierarchy of Church way it created institutions bishops, priests, cardinals, pope reflects codified laws from the Roman Empire 3. Roman Imperial System assisted by the Roman Empire Christianities biggest “friend” official religion of the empire idea of universal community/roads/postal service/universal citizenship/infrastructure use same language in the church latin Jesus (4B.C.- 29A.D.) and Jewish Culture Four major groups: Sadducees (upper class priests defenders of the torahs; traditional did not accept recent activities), Pharisees (oppose Sadducees; lay people, believed in an afterlife that differed from Sad.), Essenes (Dead Sea Scrolls; withdrew
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