Crisis of the Later Middle Ages Outline

Crisis of the Later Middle Ages Outline - Bubonic...

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The Crisis of the Later Middle Ages New Cycle of European History? (1300-1450), Huizinga’s Thesis Contrasts with Rome? Breakdown of Medieval Synthesis, Overlapping Crises, Challenges to the Medieval Order? Decline of Church Authority Pope Boniface VIII, King Philip IV of France (1285-1314) Avignon Popes, “Babylonian Captivity” (1305-1377) Great Schism (1378-1417), Two Popes, Church Councils Decline of Papal Prestige Warfare 100 Years War (1337-1453), France and England Dynastic Warfare (Fighting for a Throne), Social Disruption New Military Technology: Longbow, Siege Warfare, Cannon British victories at Crécy, Poitiers, and Agincourt Joan of Arc (1412-1431), French Victory, Execution of “Witch” (1431) Economic Depression And Demographic Crisis Agrarian Crisis, Trade Disrupted, Recurring Famines
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Unformatted text preview: Bubonic Plague (1347-1351 and later), Decline of Population Impact on Social and Economic Life Social Crisis Peasant Revolts in France (1358) and England (1381) Wat Tyler, John Ball, The Critique of Inequality Ciompi Rebellion in Florence (1378) Psychological Crisis Faith over Reason, Mysticism, Flagellation Focus on Death, Fear of Witches, Violence Against Jews Christine de Pizan (1365-1430) and Strategies for Survival Italian Origins, Response to Deaths of Father and Husband Book of the City of Ladies (1405), Treasure of the City of Ladies (1405) Defining a Good Life for Women? Pious/Practical, Virtue? Margery Kempe (1373-1440?) and Female Mysticism The Book (1420-30?), Marriage, Chastity, Pilgrimage, Autonomy?...
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