Study Guide for Exam 1

Study Guide for Exam 1 - Western Civilization Look at the...

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“Western Civilization” Look at the Past as a Dynamic Process and a Foreign Country History is open-ended human beings are embedded with uncontrollable past/complex set of relationships The pas is a dynamic process always connected like visiting a foreign country —how it evolves across time What shapes Human Choices? Material, Psychological, Intellectual What makes “Western Civilization” a distinctive Culture? Geography Politics Economics Social Life and Family Structure Religion and Philosophy Science and Technology Art/Literature Wars Egypt and Mesopotamia The Emergence of Civilization began in Egypt and Mesopotamia Influence of Rivers: Nile, Tigris, and Euphrates Farming and Division of Labor (3500 BC—500 BC) Government in Egypt and Mesopotamia Writing and Legal Codes; The Authority of the Kings Religions: Explanations for Nature and Life after Death Large Kingdoms and Empires Legacy of Three Broad Civilizing Processes: Governments, Religions, Empires Hebrew Culture and Monotheism Hebrew and Greek Synthesis in Western Culture Hebrew Culture evolved from Mesopotamia lasting influence on later cultures in the Mediterranean The synthesis of Hebrew and Greek culture created Christianity Hebrew people had very small political influence and military power Debate about Egyptian Influence Trace the influence of Hebrew and Greek life back to Egypt Importance of Religion: Monotheism (belief in one god creative intellectual force carried over to Christianity, the predominant religion in western societies) and Humans ethical relationship towards that god. Why was religion so important? Politics and Geography Divine revelation is not adequate; what causes people to believe what they believe?
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Historical Answer: politics and geography Hebrew people developed a shared identity that was more religious than political because they were never able to sustain a coherent powerful state; Hebrew people located between central powers (Egypt and Tigris/Euphrates) they never had an advantageous position Leaders and Events in Hebrew History after 1900 BCE Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Abraham (leader) God has promised a land if Abraham leads His people there Jacob had 12 sons twelve tribes of Israel descend Migration to Egypt, Moses (1270 BCE) Hebrew Bible Joseph (Jacob’s son) is taken to Egypt and other Hebrews follow living in a subordinate position “The Exodus,” The Ten Commandments, Yahweh, and the Return to Canaan Organized by Moses in the 13 th century BCE God told Moses to lead the Hebrew people out of Egypt ad return to the ancestral home in Canaan After leaving wandered through the desert for 40 years eventually reach Canaan—find people are living there in a series of battles drive out a rival group of invaders The Ten Commandments influential on how to live life presented by Moses Kingdom of Israel (1000-922 BCE)—King Saul, King David, and King Solomon A unified state called Israel in Palestine for about 80 years
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2009 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Hunziker during the Spring '07 term at UNC.

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Study Guide for Exam 1 - Western Civilization Look at the...

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