Origins of Agriculture and the Neolithic Revolution

Origins of Agriculture and the Neolithic Revolution -...

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Origins of Agriculture and the Neolithic Revolution 03/04/2008 11:25:00 Domestication process by which humans gain control over the reproduction of certain plants and animal species, involves modifying the genetic makeup of species by selective breeding and ordering the environment in such a way as to favor those species See pg 215 in text Beginnings of sedentism Environmental change Rich local environments Sedentary foragers (natufians) Pop growth and environmental change Old world domesticates Animals: sheep, goats, cattle pigs, horses, water buffalo, dogs, chickens Staple crops wheat barley rice millet sorghum Other crops lentils peas chickpeas Fertile crescent Continued climate change becomes drier People living in less abundant local environments
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Unformatted text preview: Experimentation with adaptive strategies Attempts to copy natural abundance Selection for adaptive prop. Availability of domesticable species What were the consequences Genetic modifications (domesticated crops (greater yield) Populations growth Spreading of farming to new zones Development of irrigation Economic specialization and social strati Development of chiefdoms and states New world Animals: llamas, dogs, turkeys, alpacas, guinea pigs Caloric staple crop: Maize (corn) potatoes, manioc (cassava) Other crops beans squash goosefoot marsh elder sunflower quinoa 03/04/2008 11:25:00 03/04/2008 11:25:00...
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