Terms list for Ancient Cities

Terms list for Ancient Cities - Terms list for Ancient...

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Terms list for Ancient Cities: Polis – Greek city-state : A Greek city state, political entity’s ruled by a body of citizens Synoicism : people coming together, rural areas coming in towards city shows the beginnings and process of urbanization. Colonization: To take over another place and make it in your own image Mother city: The city that your colony is modeled after or is ruled by Corcyra: Colony of Corinth Corinth: Mother city to Corcyra. Panhellenic sanctuary: A temple dedicated to all the gods Olympia: Ancient city where Olympic games were held, also held the statue of Zeus that was ivory and gold. Delphi: Held the siphnian treasury, Pyathian games were held here, also housed the temple of Apollo. Siphnian Treasury Tyrant: A ruler that takes over, not necessarily bad the age of tyranny lasted from the 7 th to the 6 th centuries. Peisistratos from the mid 6 th century was a pretty good dude, he did a lot for the city of Athens. Peisistratos: mid 6 th century ruler of Athens, instituted building projects, elaborated the panhellenic festival. Cleisthenes: Introduces the idea of democracy, he created new and reformed political bodies that required buildings in the Agora. (ie. Boule, pyrtanis, ekklesia.) Democracy: literaly “rule of the people” Athenian democracy was considered unique. Only men who were not foreigners or slaves were allowed to participate in government. “Boule” was a council of 500 drew up the issues for the general assembly and gathered in the “bouletarian.” Pyrtanis a rotating group of 5o men chosen from the boule who made up the executive committee. On duty 24 hrs a day to handle business, lived for a 10 th of a year in a pyrtaneion, Athenians who one at the Olympic games won free meals there for life. Agora : “Place of assembly” in ancient Greece free born men would gather here to hear political statements or for the military. Later however it turned into a marketplace where people would sell their goods. Doric order: Type of columns that sits flat on the pavement with a fluted column, has plain capital and a metope where a frieze would be.,
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Ionic order: Type of column that has a base volute capital and a continuous frieze. Originated in mid-6 th century Ionia. Corinthian order: Type of column Greek in origion but used more in Rome. Has very decorative volute and a frieze like Ionic columns. Persian wars: 490-480bce wars in which Persia tried to conquer mainland Greece, however Greece stood strong, Persia looses control of Macedon . Delian League: A conglomerate of fighters who protected Greece from Persia. Perikles: Was a leader in Athens during the cities golden age he helped to beautify the city as a statement of power to the other city states. Built most of the buildings on the Acropolis encluding the Parthenon. Acropolis: Large hill dominating the city of Athens is home to several important architectural
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Terms list for Ancient Cities - Terms list for Ancient...

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